Orthodox Ireland – Vladimir de Beer, Ireland

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HAVE FAITH – ORTHODOXY

Orthodox Ireland

by Vladimir de Beer, Belfast, Ireland

Source:

http://orthochristian.com

http://orthochristian.com/33721.html

ORTHODOX CHRISTIANITY

In this essay we will attempt to sketch the historical background of the early Irish Church, demonstrate its close relation to the Orthodox Church, introduce some of the most popular Irish saints, and conclude with a brief overview of Irish monasticism and theology.

Historical background

It is generally believed that St Patrick brought the Christian Faith to Ireland, his traditional title being Apostle of the Irish. Without wishing to diminish St Patrick’s importance in any way, it is relevant to point out that in 431 St Palladius was sent to Ireland by St Celestine I Pope of Rome, as the first bishop of the Emerald Isle, with the task of administering the sacraments ‘to the Irish who professed Christ’. There must therefore have been numbers of Christians in Ireland by the time St Patrick arrived in the following year. Furthermore, the Apostle of the Irish admitted in a letter that the law of God was well planted in Ireland ‘in days of old’, and that he did not wish to take credit for the work of his predecessors. It seems likely that St Patrick was also sent to Ireland to combat the Pelagian heresy, the Irish Church being suspected of Pelagian tendencies at the time. Having said as much, it is nevertheless a fact that Ireland at that time was still overwhelmingly pagan, with most of the population practising a nature-based religion that was administered by elders called druids. A hundred years after St Patrick, the Christian Faith was still only established in parts of the island.

St Patrick is traditionally credited with organizing the Irish Church, although his activities were concentrated mainly in the northern province of Ulster. It is likely that St Patrick received his spiritual instruction in the south of France, at the monastery of Lérins. This great institution was founded by St Honoratus in 375, upon his return from Greece where he had become familiar with Orthodox Christian monasticism. Like many future, Irish monasteries, Lérins was situated on a small island. For the next three centuries Lérins would be a beacon of Orthodox spirituality in the midst of a worldly Latin environment. One of the great figures attached to Lérins was St John Cassian, who strove to preserve the Orthodox faith against deviations from sound doctrine by certain extreme followers of Blessed Augustine.

When St Palladius, St Patrick and their fellow evangelists came to Ireland there were more than a hundred kingdoms of varying size to be found on the island. The people of each kingdom were known as the tuath, while the king bore the title of ri. Society was highly organised and stratified, reminiscent of the Vedic caste system. At the top were the druids, bards, lawmen and doctors, while the slaves at the base of the system had no rights. As remarked by historian David Ross, the concept of territorial dioceses could not function in such a social system. Each tuath had to be converted separately and each had to have its own Church structure, with priests and bishops effectively replacing the druids. Eventually five provincial kingdoms arose in the place of this hotchpotch of petty rulers: Munster in the south of the island, Leinster and Meath in the east, Connaught in the west, and Ulster in the north. On the Continue reading “Orthodox Ireland – Vladimir de Beer, Ireland”

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“Bígí lúcháireach i gcónaí sa Tiarna. Deirim arís é: bíodh lúcháir oraibh” (Filipigh 4:4) ╰⊰¸¸.•¨* Irish

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MULTILINGUAL HOLY BIBLE

“Bígí lúcháireach i gcónaí sa Tiarna.

Deirim arís é: bíodh lúcháir oraibh”.

Filipigh 4:4

Saint Maughold the Irish, Bishop of Isle of Man, Irish Sea (+488) – April 25

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IRELAND OF MY HEART

Saint Maughold the Irish,

Bishop of Isle of Man, Irish Sea  (+488)

April 25

Saint Maughold (also known as Macaille, Maccaldus, Machalus, Machaoi, Machella, Maghor, Mawgan, Maccul, Macc Cuill); died ca. 488 AD) is venerated as the patron saint of the Isle of Man, an island in the Irish Sea between Great Britain and Ireland. Tradition states that he was an Irish prince and captain of a band of freebooters who was converted to Christianity by Saint Patrick. His feast day is April 25. He is not St MacCaille of Croghan, County Offaly, who received Brigit of Kildare into Christian life.

One day, Maughold tried to make a fool out of Patrick. Maughold had placed a living man in a shroud. He then called for Patrick to try to revive the allegedly dead man. Patrick came, placed a hand on the shroud, and left. When Maughold and his friends opened the shroud, they found the man had died in the interim. One of Maughold’s friends, a fellow named Connor, went over to Patrick’s camp and apologized to him. Patrick returned and baptized all of the men assembled. He then blessed the man who had died, who immediately returned to life, and was also baptized. Patrick then criticized Maughold, saying he should have been helping his men into leading good lives, and told him he must make up for his evil.

As penance for his previous crimes, Patrick ordered him to abandon himself to God in a wicker boat without oars. Maughold drifted to this isle, where two of Patrick’s disciples, Saint Romulus and Saint Conindrus (Romuil and Conindri), were already established. Tradition says he landed on the north-east corner of the Isle near Ramsey, at the foot of a headland since called Maughold Head, where he established himself in a cave on the mountain side. He is said to have been chosen by the Manx people to succeed Romuil and Conindri as bishop.

He is today best remembered on the Isle of Man for his kind disposition toward the Manx natives. Several places on the island, including, Maughold parish, St. Maughold’s Well, and St. Maughold’s Chair are named after him.

Source: Wikipedia

Naomh Breandán na hÉireann ╰⊰¸¸.•* Irish

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HEAVEN ON EARTH

 

Naomh Breandán na hÉireann

Naomh Breandán as Cluain Fearta (c.484-c.578) nó An Loingseoir mar a bhí aithne air, is duine é de naoimh luath-mhainistreacha na hÉireann a bhfuil a chuid scéalta tar éis áit na staire a thógáil. Tá cáil air mar gheall ar an iomramh go Tír na nAoibhneas. Is é an 16 Bealtaine a fhéile.

Luathshaol

Rugadh Breandán i 484 gar don Fhianait i gContae Chiarraí i iardheisceart na hÉireann. Ciarraíght Luachra a tugadh ar an gceantar sna seanlaethanta. Baisteadh Naomh Erc i dTiobraid in aice le hArd Fhearta. Ar feadh cúig bliana chuir Naomh Íde léann air agus chríochnaigh sé a chuid léinn faoi stiúir Naomh Erc. Oirníodh é mar shagart i 512. Idir 512 agus 530 thóg sé cillín mainistreach i Seanchill ag bun Chnoc Bhréanainn. Ba ón áit seo a d’fhág sé ar an iomramh clúiteach a mhair seacht mbliana. Ar na seanfhéilirí Éireannacha tá féile i gcomhair “Egressio familiae S. Brendani” ar an 22 Márta.

Iomramh finscéalach

Tá cáil air mar gheall ar an iomramh finscéalach go Tír na nAoibhneas a raibh cur síos déanta air sa naoú haois sa lámhscríbhinn Iomramh de Naomh Breandán an Loingseoir. Tá a lán leaganacha den scéal seo faoin gcaoi a ndeachaigh sé féin agus seasca oilithreach ar thóir Tír na nAoibhneas. Má tharla sé seo, tharla sé thart ar 530, sular dtaistil sé go dtí an Bhreatain. Ar an iomramh seo tá sé ráite go bhfaca sé oileáin bheannaithe agus brat fásra air. Tháinig sé ar ollphéist mara, eachtra a roinn sé le duine de lucht a chomhaimsire, Naomh Colm Cille. An scéal is coitianta as an gcur síos seo ná nuair a shíl siad go raibh siad tar éis teacht i dtír ar oileán ach ní oileán a bhí ann ach ollphéist mór mara, Jasconius. Faigheann siad amach é seo nuair a lasann siad tine chun an Cháisc a cheiliúradh agus dúisíonn Jasconius.

Comhthéacs

Ar ndóigh tá an-phlé déanta thar na blianta faoi cé acu an bhféadfadh Naomh Breandán Meiriceá a baint amach i gcurach nó nach bhféadfadh agus chomh maith leis sin cé acu eisean an chéad duine ón Eoraip a bhain Meiriceá amach.

Bhraith Criostóir Colambas ar na scéal a d’inis Naomh Breandán le cruthú go raibh tú in ann taisteal go dtían Áise trasna an Atlantaigh.

I 1976 tóg an taiscéalaí Éireannach Tim Severin curach déanta as leathar daimh agus seol sé thar dhá shamhradh go dtí Talamh an Éisc trí Inse Ghall, Na Scigirí agus an Íoslainn le “taispeáint go raibh tú in ann tabhairt faoi iomramh mar seo ag úsáid an chineáil seo curaí”. Ar an iomramh chonaic Tim Severin a lán rudaí, cnoic oighir agus míolta móra ina measc. Léiríonn na tagairtí a bhí déanta de na radhairc seo i scríbhinní Naomh Breandán gur sheol sé sa cheantar céanna inar sheol Severin.

Nuair a scaip an scéal faoin iomramh, thosaigh oilithrigh agus daltaí ag teacht go hArd Fhearta le teagasc agus treoir a fháil ó Naomh Breandán. Dá bharr seo, bhunaigh pobail mainistreacha nua in áiteanna mar Ghallarais, Chill Maoilchéadar, Chnoc Bréanainn agus na Blascaoid.

Aistear breise

Níos deireanaí thaistil sé go dtí an Bhreatain Bheag agus Oileán Í, an t-oileán naofa ar chósta thiar na hAlban. D’fhág sé a rian ar Albain chomh maith, go háirithe in Óban, áit a bhfuil Cill Bréanainn. Tar éis dó teacht ar ais go hÉirinn, bhunaigh sé mainistir i Eanach Dhúin i gContae na Gaillimhe. Thug eaglais na hÉireann aitheantas dó mar naomh agus tá a fhéile ar an 16 Bealtaine.

Bhunaigh sé mainistir ag Inis dhá Dhroim i bparóiste Chill an Dísirt i gContae an Chláir thart ar an mbliain 550. Chomh maith leis sin, bhunaigh sé mainistir in Inis Mhic Uí Chuinn, Contae na Gaillimhe agus in Inis Gluaire,Contae Mhaigh Eo.

Ar ndóigh an mhainistir is cáiliúla a raibh baint aige léi ná Cluain Fearta, a bhunaigh sé i 557, áit ar cheap sé Naomh Moinenn, a nia, mar phrióir agus mar phríomhoide. Tá Naomh Breandán curtha i gCluain Fearta.

Source:

Proxy Oddonion

Άγιος Μάγκχολντ (St Maughold) ο Ιρλανδός, Επίσκοπος της Νήσου Man της Ιρλανδικής Θάλασσας (+488) – 25 Απριλίου

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IRELAND OF MY HEART

Άγιος Μάγκχολντ (St Maughold) ο Ιρλανδός,

Επίσκοπος της Νήσου Man της Ιρλανδικής Θάλασσας (+488)

25 Απριλίου

Ο Άγιος Μάγκχολντ (St Maughold) ήταν Ιρλανδός πρίγκιπας και πρίν βαπτιστεί Χριστιανός από τον Άγιο Πατρίκιο (St Patrick) τον Φωτιστή της Ιρλανδίας ήταν καπετάνιος μιας ομάδας πειρατών.

Ο Maughold και οι πειρατές του προσπάθησαν να κάνουν στον Άγιο Πατρίκιο ένα πολύ ανόητο αστείο. Έβαλαν έναν ζωντανό άνθρωπο σε ένα σάβανο προσποιούμενος τον πεθαμένο. Στη συνέχεια κάλεσαν τον Άγιο Πατρίκιο να προσπαθήσει να αναστήσει τον υποτιθέμενο νεκρό. Ο Άγιος Πατρίκιος ήρθε, έβαλε το χέρι του στο σάβανο και έφυγε. Όταν ο Maughold και οι φίλοι του άνοιξαν το σάβανο, βρήκαν τον άνθρωπο πεθαμένο.

Ένας πειρατής από τους φίλους του Maughold, με το όνομα Connor, πήγε γρήγορα στον Άγιο Πατρίκιο και του ζήτησε συγγνώμη. Ο Άγιος Πατρίκιος τότε συγκέντρωσε τον Maughold και τους πειρατές του, τους δίδαξε τον Χριστό και τους βάφτισε όλους Χριστιανούς. Στη συνέχεια ευλόγησε τον άνθρωπο που είχε πεθάνει, ο οποίος αμέσως επέστρεψε στη ζωή και βαφτίστηκε επίσης. Ο Άγιος Πατρίκιος επέκρινε τότε τον Maughold λέγοντας ότι έπρεπε να βοηθά τους άνδρες του να έχουν καλές ζωές και του είπε ότι πρέπει να αντισταθμίσει τα άσχημα πράγματα που έχει κάνει στη ζωή του με αρετές.

Ο Maughold αποσύρθηκε από τον τόπο που έμενε για να αποφύγει τον κοσμικό πειρασμό. Ως κανόνα για τα προηγούμενα εγκλήματά του, ο Άγιος Πατρίκιος του είπε να μπει σε μία ψαρόβαρκα χωρίς κουπιά και να αφήσει το Θεό να οδηγήσει την βάρκα του.

Η βάρκα του παρασύρθηκε από τα κύμματα στη Νήσο Man η οποία βρίσκεται στη Θάλασσα της Ιρλανδίας, μεταξύ Μεγάλης Βρετανίας και Ιρλανδίας, όπου εκεί ήταν ήδη εγκατεστημένοι οι ιεραπόστολοι μαθητές του Αγίου Πατρικίου, ο Άγιος Ρομούλος (St Romulus) και ο Άγιος Κόνινδρος (St Conindrus) [Romuil και Conindri].

Ο Maughold βγήκε στη βορειοανατολική ακτή του νησιού κοντά στο Ramsey, στο Maughold Head, και έμεινε σε μία σπηλιά στην πλευρά του βουνού.

Αργότερα επιλέχτηκε από τους Manx, τους κατοίκους της Νήσου Man, για να διαδεχθεί τον Romuil και τον Conindri ως Επίσκοπος.

Μνημονεύεται ως σήμερα στη Νήσο του Man για την καλοσύνη του και την παιδική απλότητά του προς τους ντόπιους Manx. Αρκετές τοποθεσίες στο Νησί μετά την κοίμησή του πήραν το όνομά του.

Ο Άγιος Μάγκχολντ (St Maughold), γνωστός επίσης ως Macaille, Maccaldus, Machalus, Machaoi, Machella, Maghor, Mawgan, Maccul, Macc Cuill, κοιμήθηκε το 488 και τιμάται ως πολιούχος της Νήσου Man. Η εορτή του είναι στις 25 Απριλίου.

Πηγή:

Wikipedia

Μετάφραση & επιμέλεια κειμένου:

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Άβελ-Τάσος Γκιουζέλης

Number of Orthodox Christians in Ireland doubled over five years

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HAVE FAITH – ORTHODOXY

Number of Orthodox Christians in Ireland

doubled over five years

According to the latest 2011 census there are over 45 thousand Orthodox Christians in Ireland, reports Interfax-Religion.

This figure is two times larger than it was in 2006 and four times larger than in 2002. Thus according to the official data Orthodoxy is the fastest growing religion in Ireland, says the website Russianireland.com.

The largest center of Orthodoxy in the country is Swords, the county town of Fingal, where 1168 Orthodox Christians reside according to the 2011 census data.

The census also showed that the majority of the Orthodox Christians in Ireland are Romanians (26%), followed by Irish (20%) and Latvians (12.5%).

“Orthodoxy is not something new or strange In Ireland; it has always existed here. It is well-known that Irish Christianity before the 11th century was very similar to ours. But after Ireland was conquered by the British this denomination had been intentionally removed by the Pope. That is probably why many Irish perceive Orthodoxy as something special and dear”, said the Rector of the Patriarchal representation of the Russian Orthodox Church in Dublin, priest Michael Nasonov.

According to him, there are seven parishes of the Moscow Patriarchate in Ireland already.

The most common religion in Ireland is Roman Catholicism (3.86 million people, 84.2% of the population), followed by Protestantism (over 134 thousand people) and Islam (over 49 thousand people).

11/1/2012

Source:

http://orthochristian.com

http://orthochristian.com/57148.html

ORTHODOX CHRISTIANITY